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What Are The Disorders Associated With The Thyroid Gland?

Learn about Thyroid Cancer

What Are The Disorders Associated With The Thyroid Gland?

Postby Chatwin » Fri Apr 21, 2017 6:24 am

thyroid gland is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located just below your Adam's apple.
The thyroid produces hormones that affect your body's metabolism and energy level. Thyroid problems are among the most common medical conditions but, because their symptoms often appear gradually, they are commonly misdiagnosed

The three most common thyroid problems are the underactive thyroid, the overactive thyroid , and thyroid nodules.

The most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto's thyroiditis. In this condition, the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid gland.

Common symptoms of hypothyroidism are:

Fatigue or lack of energy

Weight gain

Feeling cold

Dry skin and hair

Heavy menstrual periods


Slowed thinking

The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease. This occurs when the body's immune system overstimulates the thyroid.

Common symptoms of hyperthyroidism are:

Jitteriness, shaking, increased nervousness, irritability

Rapid heart beat or palpitations

Feeling hot

Weight loss

Fatigue, feeling exhausted

More frequent bowel movements

Shorter or lighter menstrual periods

Thyroid nodules are fairly common and usually harmless. However, about 4% of nodules are cancerous, so further testing needs to be done. This is usually best accomplished by fine needle aspiration biopsy. This is a quick and simple test that takes just a few minutes to perform in the doctor's office. If the biopsy does not raise any suspicion of cancer, the nodule is usually observed. Some thyroid specialists recommend treatment with thyroid hormone to try to decrease the size of the nodule. A second biopsy is usually recommended 6-12 months later, to make sure there continues to be no evidence of cancer. If a nodule is cancerous, suspicious for cancer, or grows large enough to interfere with swallowing or breathing, surgical removal is advised.
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