Who is at risk?
Maximum number of patients suffering from testicular cancer are of young age (people of age group from 15 to 40). According to a study white men are more prone to this type of cancer than men of other races. People with a specific condition called cryptorchidism (also known as undescended testicle), those suffering from testicular infections, people with specific genetic condition which is known as Klinefelter's syndrome are at the highest risk level of developing the disease. It also has been witnessed that it is hereditary i.e. a person whose family members are suffering from testicular cancer is also at a risk of developing it. (This is a list of medically proved risk factors)
Along with the above mentioned group of people, people who come in contact with crude minerals such as iron, steel etc. and other cancer causing substances and toxic substances, smokers, and people suffering from cancer in other organs that has started spreading to other parts of the body etc. also may be at a risk of developing testicular cancer.
Development of small, hard lumps (nodules) around the testicles is one of the most prominent symptoms of testicular cancer. Along with the development of lumps (nodules) around testicles, the other signs that may be experienced by the patient are pain in testicles and area surrounding testicles, swelling in the testicles and scrotums, unusual enlargement of testicles, patient may experience pain in lower abdominal area, back and also in groin areas, collection of water in the scrotums etc.
It is very easy to tell the testicular cancer condition as compared to other types of cancers. Most of the time, men themselves find the problem by examining their testicles. The technique of examining testicles is also known as Testicular Self-Examination (TSE, which is also recommended by doctors), in which testicles (one at a time) are examined by holding them between the thumb and middle finger. You should consider visiting a doctor if you feel development of any type of lump (nodule) around the testicles. Your doctor may perform some more tests in order to confirm the disease such as X-Ray scan and biopsy etc.
Testicular cancer is very much curable in its early stage. Similar to most of the other types of cancers, this cancer can be treated with surgery, radiotherapy, hormone therapy, medication, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, nutritional therapy, interferon/interleukin etc. Surgery is used to remove the infected testicle from the patient's body (other infected tissues are also removed during the surgery). Medication can be used to destroy the remaining infected cells and help the patient regain strength after surgery. The type and combination of various treatments to be followed will be decided by the physician based on the stage testicular cancer is in and the complexity involved.
However, there are certain side effects of various treatments such as destruction of uninfected cells after radiotherapy; patient might experience lethargy due to high power medication etc. It is very important to pay attention to patient's diet and take proper medication after the cancer treatment.
How should I Minimize My Risk of Cancer?
1) Quit smoking, as smokers are at the highest risk level of developing any type of cancer.
2) Try to include vegetables and fruits in your daily diet and avoid junk or processed food.
3) Try to avoid toxic substances such as chemicals etc. Take necessary precautions before you handle such things.
4) Exercise regularly and stay fit.