Barbara McClintock proposed the basis of our current theory of horizontal gene transference with 'jumping genes' (transposons). Earned the 1983 Nobel Prize in Medicine
Linda Buck who studies how olfactory sense of smell works -took 2004 Nobel in Medicine
Salvador Luria discovered restriction enzymes. His work began the method of subcloning that allows us to express genes in new cells. 1969 Nobel in Medicine
Helen Free – Developed the 'dip and read' diagnostic tests for glucose with dry reagents impregnated in dip stick form for both lab and home testing - particularly useful for diabetics so they could carry out home tests.
Gertrude Elien – drug design in chemotherapy and other areas invented Purinethol (2-amino 6 mercaptopurine) as first leukemia treatment
Elizabeth Hazen & Rachel Brown – nystatin/mycostatin antifungal