1. Poaching can apply to the illegal hunting, fishing or eating of wild or domestic animals. (Points : 1)
2. The latifundia system is considered an obstacle to development in Latin America. (Points : 1)
3. For many years, Venezuela provided free oil to poor people in the U.S. (Points : 1)
4. What is the difference between “threatened” and “endangered” species? (Points : 3)
A Threatened and endangered mean the same thing.
B Threatened means the species is closer to extinction than endangered.
C Endangered means the species is closer to extinction than threatened.
D The terms are different depending on what country you are in.
5. Which United States President established the U.S. Endangered Species Act of 1973? (Points : 3)
6. What is the significance of mini-fundias? (Points : 3)
A Important source of profits and produce
B Important source of political power
C Largely uneconomic because they provide little profit or food surplus
D Largely benefits only wealthy landowners
7. Why is the latifundia system seen as an obstacle to development in Latin America? (Points : 3)
A Promotes widespread corruption
B Limits people access to land
C Creates an imbalance of political power
D Prevents the growth of min-fundias
8. What is “the paradox of plenty?” (Points : 3)
A The discovery of oil ensures financial stability for the entire nation.
B The discovery of oil resources does not positively impact the entire country, and in fact eliminates productive activity.
C The discovery of oil resources helps alleviate poverty and creates jobs.
D The discovery of oil resources helps developing countries achieve more freedom and democracy.
9. Which South American country is the largest consumer of plant-based biofuels in the world? (Points : 3)
10. What is one impact of carbon emissions on the country of Peru? (Points : 3)
A Increased lung and other cancers
B Andes glaciers will disappear
C Reduction in dependence on foreign oil
D Increased tourism traffic to Machu Picchu
11. How does overpopulation of many South American countries impact the United States? (Points : 3)
A There is no impact on the U.S.
B Overpopulation reduces the availability of natural resources
C Overpopulation results in increased immigration to the United States
D Overpopulation results in increased globalization and sharing of cultures
12. How does increased population impact global warming? (Points : 3)
A Increased population results in increased use of fossil fuels
B Increased population does not respond to changes in weather as rapidly
C Increased population tends to put more people to work in factories
D Increased population generally helps reduce carbon emissions and limits global warming